Students will examine the basic principles of criminal and procedural issues within the court system. This course will include an examination of the New York State Penal Law, laws of arrest, identifying elements of a crime and the culpability for criminal responsibility. Students will examine the aspects of the 4th Amendment as well as criminal liability and defenses that are used in a court of law. Distinctions between the adult and juvenile court systems will be discussed. Police use of force and its justification will be also examined. Prerequisite: PBT 1010 Intro to Law Enforcement and Justice.